### ... like I'm 5 years old

The Theory of Relativity, proposed by Albert Einstein in the early 20th century, fundamentally changed the way we understand the universe. At its simplest, the theory can be broken down into two ideas. The first is the Special Theory of Relativity, which says that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers, and that the speed of light in a vacuum is the same for all observers, regardless of their motion or the source of the light.

The second part is the General Theory of Relativity, which is a bit more complicated. It extends the first theory to include gravity, suggesting that massive objects cause a distortion in space-time, which is felt as gravity.

Imagine you're on a trampoline with a heavy ball in the middle. That ball creates a dip in the trampoline fabric, pulling everything else towards it. That's what massive objects like planets and stars do to the fabric of space-time, creating what we feel as gravity.

### ... like I'm in College

Diving a bit deeper, the Special Theory of Relativity includes the famous equation E=mc^2, which describes the equivalence of energy (E) and mass (m), with "c" being the speed of light. This reveals that mass and energy are interchangeable, and even a small amount of mass can hold a tremendous amount of energy.

The General Theory of Relativity, on the other hand, suggests that gravity is not a force transmitted through space, as Newton suggested, but a curvature of space and time around a massive object. This curvature causes objects to move on a curved path and this movement is what we perceive as gravity.

To explain the Theory of Relativity using Lego bricks, let's start with a flat Lego base plate representing space-time. When you place a larger Lego piece (representing a massive object like a star or planet) onto the base, it distorts the flat surface. Now, if you roll a small Lego piece (representing a smaller object like an asteroid or planet) across the base, it doesn't travel in a straight line but curves towards the larger piece. This is a simple way to visualize how gravity works according to General Relativity. In this model, gravity isn't a force pulling the smaller piece towards the larger one, but a path that the smaller piece follows through curved space-time.

### ... like I'm an expert

To an expert, the Theory of Relativity is a cornerstone of modern physics. The Special Theory of Relativity not only provides the foundation for the principle of equivalence between mass and energy but also introduces time dilation and length contraction. These effects are only noticeable at speeds approaching the speed of light and have been experimentally confirmed.

Moreover, the General Theory of Relativity, which provides a new understanding of gravity, has been confirmed by several experiments, from the precession of the perihelion of Mercury to the bending of light by gravity, famously observed during the 1919 solar eclipse.